Government sources. News Sources. University lectures. Chicago Quick Guide For a printable version of this quick guide, download the following document:. Chicago Quick Guide. How to Create Footnotes Numbered markers in the text may be created using the footnote function of word processing software. Citing Example:. How to Create a Bibliography Your bibliography should document all the works you consulted in preparing your essay, whether you cited them directly, or not.
Access Date Rules for E-journals The date an e-journal was accessed is not required in Chicago style but may be required in certain disciplines. Chicago Referencing Overview There are two styles of referencing outlined in the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. Bibliography: A bibliography at the end of the document provides full details of all sources cited and consulted by the writer.
A superscript number is placed within the text where needed - not necessarily at the end of a sentence to indicate a footnote. The number is repeated at the beginning of the footnote at the bottom of the page, and is full size, not superscript and followed by a full stop. When citing a source for the first time, always cite in full.
Formatting citations in footnotes Punctuation, spacing and the order of elements in the citation are important, and examples should be followed carefully.
- How to Cite a Pamphlet.
- To cite a pamphlet properly, you must identify the following pieces of information:.
- Cite a Book in APA, Chicago, Harvard, or MLA style - Cite This For Me.
Notice for instance: The author's name is not inverted, and is written in full. Publishing details of books are enclosed in brackets. Journal titles, book chapter titles are enclosed in double quotation marks. See more on in-text citation here. Title edition. Carr, I. Statutes and conventions on international trade law 4th ed.
London, England: Cavendish. Format: Editor, A. News from the interview society. Gothenburg, Sweden: Nordicom. Title of chapter. Editor Ed. Davidsson, P. Method challenges and opportunities in the psychological study of entrepreneurship the case of China. Baum, M. Baron Eds. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates. Law, M. Core concepts of occupational therapy. Townsed Ed. United Nations. Increasing the production and use of edible protein: feeding the expanding world population.
If it is a freely available book or book chapter, give the full web address. If publication year is not available, state n. The hyperlink is usually not active:. Delamont, S. Feminist sociology.
Swinburne Harvard style guide
London, England: Sage Publications. Retrieved from the database Ebrary. Environment and Regional Trade Agreements. Mackay, C. Howling at the moon. Reference is constructed in the same way as chapter in a printed book see above but with source information added. Mitchell, H. Alcoholism and the alcoholic psychoses. Jelliffe Eds. Retrieved from PsycBooks. Article title. Journal name, volume number ,pages. Bell, V. Some journals do not use issue numbers, only year, volume and so-called running page numbering.
This means that the first issue in a new volume of the journal starts numbering the pages from page 1 and onwards and the following issues of the same volume continue from the last page number of each preceding issue:. Journal name, volume, pages. Blitz, C. Faciliatiors and barriers to employment among individuals with psychiatric disabilities: A job coach perspective.
Work, 26, If an article has more than seven authors, the first six authors are spelled out, followed by Gilbert, D. Botros, N. Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention last for more than 31 days and are more severe with stress, dependence, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits. Health Psychology, 24 , Publishing year, date. Newspaper name, pages. Stuart, C. A park where faith and faithless intersect. The New York Times, p. Critics right and left protest book removals.
- De lutilité des grands hommes : Platon, ou le Philosophe (La Petite Collection t. 411) (French Edition).
- Citing and referencing: Chicago.
- Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Public Policy (Oxford Medical Publications)?
Daily News, p. In-text citation. Use a short title or full title if it is short enclosed in quotation marks:. References to articles in electronic form are constructed as articles in printed form but with access information, such as DOI number or web address, added. Many articles found in databases are assigned a digital object identifier DOI which creates a unique and persistent identifier.
Wenberg, S. The role of vision in the rehabilitation of the musculoskeletal system: Part 1. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 4 4 , Give the exact URL if it is a freely accessible open access article. Give the URL to the journal homepage if you need a subscription to the journal in order to access the article.
Example free access : Wilhelm, J. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 11 2 , Journal of Clinical Nursing, 15 8 , For references to articles published online before they have been published in print or assigned final year, volume and number, use the phrases "Advance online publication" and DOI or "Retrieved from" and other web address. If the year cannot be stated, use the term "in press" in parentheses instead of year.
Von Ledebur, S. Optimizing knowledge transfer by new employees in companies. Advance online publication. Briscoe, R. Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Brody, J. Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Research reports are stated in the same ways as books but with the added possibility to also state any name and number of the report series.
Name and number of the series are usually found on the front or back of the publication, or on the title page inside the report. Conway, S. Innovation and teamworking: Combining perspectives through a focus on team boundaries Aston Business School Research paper series No. It is not necessary to state place of publication when a link to the full text is available. However, you should state the publisher's organization's name as part of the retrieval information. Kessy, S. The contribution of microfinance institutions to poverty reduction in Tanzania Research Report No. If the report is published in the name of an organization corporate author , the name of the organization is stated as author.
Then, the organization name is not needed in the retrieval information:. Since the APA style guide has an American perspective it is hard to find guiding rules for referring to Swedish legal and parliamentary material. However, below are some examples on how such references could be stated. SOU and Ds are treated like a report with an organization as author if a committee or something similar is stated clearly. Should this be missing, the report is treated like a publication with no author.
Statens offentliga utredningar Stockholm, Sweden: Fritze. Ds departementsserien Stockholm, Sweden: Finansdepartementet. It is customary within the fields of law to use the established form of stating parliamentary publications:. From certain aspects, citing and referencing to legal material differs from other types of publications. Proceedings from conferences, meetings and symposia can be published in book or periodical form and are written in the same way as books, book chapters and articles.
A conference paper in a printed book conference proceeding or anthology originating from a conference. The reference is structured in the same way as a chapter in a book:. Lambertz, G. Oslo, Norway: Gyldendal.
How to cite eBOOKS
A conference paper in a conference proceedings which is published on a regularly basis. The reference is structured in the same way as a journal article:. Williams, R. Structure of clonal and polyclonal cell arrays in chimeric mouse retina. Kadav, A. Live migration of direct-access devices. A conference paper in electronic form from a conference proceedings which is published on a regularly basis. Herculano-Houzel, S. The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex.
If the conference paper has been retrieved from a database which is not open for all you should not write the direct link to the document. The example below is from the database ERIC:. Kamii, C. Why is the use of a ruler so hard? Retrieved from ERIC database. ERIC No. If an entry does not have an author, the title of the entry is placed in the author's place.
For web based reference publications, state the date of retrieval, since contents may be changed over time. Link to the homepage or start page of the reference publication. VandenBos, G. APA dictionary of psychology. Taparia, N. Columbia encyclopedia 2nd ed. Chicago, IL: Columbia Press. Treat these references as chapters in books above. If an entry has one or several authors, they should be stated.
Add web address if it is an online source. The following example is structured like a chapter in a book. Graham, G. Zalta Ed. If an entry has no author, state the entry word first. Add web address if it is an online source see example above. Use the appropriate method for in-text citations. Under ACS style, there are 3 possible ways to cite your references in text. The appropriate method depends on what your instructor or supervisor expects. If using superscript numbers, your end notes would include specific page numbers where necessary.
Another method is italicized numbers in parentheses. These are placed inside any punctuation. These also refer to end notes, which would include specific page numbers where necessary. Your instructor or supervisor may also prefer author-date parenthetical in-text citations. When using this method, your citation would not necessarily include specific page numbers. Instead, you'd note the page number within the parenthetical citation if necessary.
Reference examples and in-text citations - Search help - University Library
Method 3. Choose the correct style variation. There are 3 acceptable style variations in CSE: the name-year or Harvard style, the citation-sequence or Vancouver style, and the citation-name style. If you're using CSE, check with your instructor or supervisor to find out what style they prefer. This is the method preferred by the CSE, so use it if you have no other guidance.
- Расскажите детям о фруктах (Расскажите детям о…) (Russian Edition).
- How to cite BOOKS, eBOOKS, CHAPTERS - Citation Guide - Research Guides at Dixie State University.
- Jews and the Muslim World: Solving the Puzzle;
- Coal Dust and Cave Mud.
- MLA 8th Edition Guide.
- Welcome to the Purdue OWL.
The Vancouver and citation-name styles use superscript numbers to refer to a numbered reference list. The citations in your reference list are ordered by their first mention in your paper or report. Start with the author's name. For a lab manual, the author typically is the professor or instructor of the class in which the manual is used. Start with their last name, then a comma and their first and middle initials. Capitalize initials with no periods or spaces. Place a period after the author's name. Follow the author's name with the year in Harvard style.
If you're using the Harvard style, the author's name is followed by the year of publication. This is typically the year in which the lab manual was used. Place a period after the year. Provide a title and description. The title of the lab manual follows either the author's name Vancouver or the year of publication Harvard. Use sentence-case, capitalizing only the first word and any proper nouns in the title. Capitalize course names or abbreviations as they appear. Put the words "lab manual" in brackets after the title for a description. Place a period after the brackets.
Chemistry L lab manual [lab manual]. Note the location and name of the publisher. For a lab manual, the university where the instructor or professor teaches is typically considered the publisher. Provide the city where the university is located, followed by the state or province in parentheses.
Place a colon after the location information, then provide the name of the university. Close with a period for Harvard style. Use a semi-colon after the university's name in Vancouver or citation-name style. Buffalo NY : University at Buffalo. Buffalo NY : University at Buffalo;".